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Kerala, the God's Own Country



Kerala - Places of Interest

India's most idyllic state, Kerala {better known as God's Own Country} is today one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia. Secluded beaches, palm fringed backwaters, most clad hill stations, lush tropical forests, waterfalls, exotic wildlife, monuments, art forms and festivals give it a distinctive charm. 

The National Geographic Traveler famously listed Kerala as one of the " 50 places of a lifetime" among its millennium destinations. Magazines like Cosmopolitan and Travel & Leisure have referred to Kerala as "one of the ten love nests in India" and "a paradise to have the best breakfast in the world".

Apart from being a tourist destination, Kerala is also India's most advanced society. 100% literate, the State has India's highest density of science and technology personnel. India's highest Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI). India's highest life expectancy and lowest infant mortality rates. And in India's cleanest, most peaceful State. Please click here for
More About Kerala

   Kerala At A Glance

Location Southwest tip of India's main land.
Capital Thiruvananthapuram 
((Previously known as Trivandrum) 
Area 38, 863 sq kms 
(1.27 per cent of India's land area)
Population 31.838 Millions. (2001 Census)
Density of Population 819 per sq kms
Airports
There are three international airports in the state. They are at Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode and Nedumbassery (Kochi) operates international flights and domestic flights.

Seaports 
Major : Kochi
Minor : Beypore (Kozhikode), Alappuzha and Kollam

Road and Rail
The state is well connected by rail and road.

Major Beaches
Kovalam, Shanghumugham, Varkala, Alleppey, Fort Kochi, Cherai, Kappad and Bekal


The backwaters


Innumerable lagoons, lakes, canals, estuaries and the deltas of forty-four rivers make up the 900 km backwater network of Kerala. The backwaters mainly cover four districts of the State-Kollam, Alappuzha, Kottayam and Kochi. The largest backwater body, the Vembanad Lake flows through Alappuzha and Kottayam districts and opens out into the sea at the Kochi port. The Ashtamudi Lake, The second largest backwater stretch, offers the longest ride (eight hours) and is considered the gateway to the backwaters.

Major Wild Life Sanctuaries


Thekkady (Periyar), Parambikkulam, Wayanad, Silent Valley, Aralm, Peechi-Vazhani, Chimani, Shenduruny, Idukki, Chinnar, Peppara and Neyyar.

Major Hill Stations

Ponmudi, Peerumade, Thekkady, Munnar and Wayanad

Bird Sanctuary
Thattekad, Kumarakom  

Farm / Cash Crops 
Rubber, Coffee, Tea, Spices, Pepper, Cashew, Coconut, Arecanut and rice.

Exports
Marine, Coir, Handicrafts, Spices, Food and other Products

Major Industries
Tourism, Information Technology, Fertilizer, Oil Refining and Power Generation, Ship Buildings, Machine Tools, Electronics, Cables, Rubber.


Sex Ratio  1058 women for 1000 men
Literacy Rate 
90.92 per cent. 
(Male Literacy Rate : 94.2 per cent Female Literacy Rate : 86.17 per cent)

Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) 


Kerala has had a commendable record in terms of the Physical Quality of Life Index. Indicators of PQLI like infant mortality (14%), female literacy (87%), and life expectancy at birth for males (69) and females (72), are well above all India levels. The major reason for this achievement is Kerala's focus on the service sector. About 37% of the total annual expenditure of the State is earmarked for health and education. Another reason for this is the existence of a larger network of health infrastructure with 961 primary health centres and 5094 sub centers.

Health Care Infrastructure
Immunization has been near total in the year 1996 - 97. T.T for Pregnant Women : 87% DT for 5 year old : 63.9% T.T for 10 year old : 61.4% T.T for 16 year old : 59.1% DPT, BCG, Polio for Infants : 100% Anti-measles : 91.5% Rate of Diseases per 1000 People - Leprosy : 0.22 Malaria : 0.36 Filaria : 0.34 Tuberculosis : 0.13
 
Number of Districts  14 
Name of Districts 
Trivandrum
(Thiruvananthapuram), Kollam, Alleppey, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kottayam, Idukki, Ernakulam, Trichur (Thrissur), Palghat (Palakkad), Malappuram, Wayanad, Calicut (Kozhikode), Cannanore (Kannur), Kasaragod.  

Major Cities
Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi (Ernakulam district) and Kozhikode.

Altitude Sea level
Time GMT +5.30
Climate Tropical. 
           Summer : March - June
           Winter : December - January
           Monsoon : July - October 
Tourist season  October - May 
Peak Season  November - January
Population 1.66 million
Language Malayalam, English, and Hindi
Currency Indian Rupee
Electricity 230V AC, Cycle 50 Hz.
Country code 0091

                                     
t Destinations at a Glance!
t West Coast Canal
t Kochi, a Yachter's  Destination
t Kochi, an E-Tourism  Destination
t Bridges
t Some Facts
t Maps

 


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